What is defamation?
Generally, defamation is an intentional statement or publication in a manner likely to cause serious damages to another person’s reputation. It may either be in a form of libel or slander. Defamation is defined under the Criminal Code Section 326 as follows:
“Whoever, imputes anything to the other person before a third person in a manner likely to impair the reputation of such other person or to expose such other person to be hated or scorned, is said to commit defamation, and shall be punished with imprisonment not exceeding one year or fined not exceeding 20,000 baht, or both.”
Also, the victim can further claim compensation under civil manner.
In case the accused is proven guilty, the court may give order:
1. To seize and destroy the defamatory matter or part thereof;
2. To publish the whole or part of the judgment in one or more newspapers once or several times at the expense of the accused.
What is the difference between libel and slander?
In simple context, libel is a written defamation while slander refers to oral defamation or by verbal statements and gestures.
Libel is a defamation committed by means of publication of a document, drawing, painting, cinematography film, picture or letters made visible by any means, gramophone record or another recording instruments, recording picture or letters, or by broadcasting or spreading picture, or by propagation by any other means.
How can I prove defamation?
• You have to show that the defamatory statement has been published. It means that one or more persons other than you have heard, read, or was made aware of the defamatory statement.
• There must be proof that the defamatory statement refers to you. The content must be clearly addressing or clearly identifying you.
• You have to be able the show that the statements made by that person were false and not simply because you do not like what has been said against you.
• You have to prove that the publication has caused you to suffer harm to your reputation.
A person shall not be guilty of defamation if, in good faith, expresses any opinion or a statement by way of:
1. self-justification or defense, or for the protection of a legitimate interest;
2. the status of being an official in the exercise of his functions;
3. fair comment on any person or thing subjected to public criticism; or
4. fair report of the open proceeding of any court or meeting.
Is truth a defense to a defamation case?
If the person prosecuted for defamation can prove that the accusation made by him is true, he shall not be punished. But the court will not allow proof of truth as a defense if the statement is personal in nature and such proof will not benefit the public.
Can I be sued if I repost a defamatory publication on social media?
Reposting a defamatory publication on all types of social media considers you as guilty as the person who posted the original defamatory statement.